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Orange Shirt Day

Orange Shirt Day

Posted in: History

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Today is Orange Shirt Day. September 30 is a day when we honour the Indigenous children who were sent away to residential schools - many of which never made it home.

headstone Ellen Hart Red Deer Industrial SchoolOne student, Ellen Hart was admitted to Red Deer’s Indian Industrial School on October 1st, 1900.  She was 16 years old and from Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation, Manitoba (formerly Nelson House, MB).  Her parents were Murdo and unknown D.  Ellen was discharged on January 21, 1903.  She died of Heart Disease and was buried at the school. Her grave marker (pictured) is on loan to the MAG and can be viewed in our permanent history exhibit.

7 other students from Nelson House were admitted in 1900, including Ellen’s sister Matilda Hart.

Students of Red Deer's Industrial School came from the following communities - they were a long way from home. The following are the distances they would have had to travel to return home.

Louis Bull Tribe, 53 KM, North

Montana First Nation, 69 KM, North

Samson Cree Nation, 74.2 KM, North

Ermineskin Cree Nation, 87.5 KM, North

Saddle Lake Cree Nation, 321 KM, North East

Goodfish (Whitefish) Lake Cree Nation, 339 KM, North East

Paul Band First Nation, 216 KM, North West

Onion Lake Cree Nation, 411.2 KM, North East

Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation, 1469 KM, North East

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